"There is danger from all men. The only maxim of a free government ought to be to trust no man living with
power to endanger the public liberty." - - - - John Adams

Saturday, January 2, 2016

Chinese immigrants outnumber Mexicans in California

Chinese businesses in Los Angeles County

They are coming to America

  • A GOP controlled Congress has written immigration law to flood California and other states with immigrants on H-1B visas to replace American citizen workers and lower wages.
  • The 2010 Census shows 15% of Californians are Asian, 38% Latino and 7% Black.

(Sacramento Bee)  -  In a reversal of a decades-old trend, China has replaced Mexico as the country sending the most immigrants each year to California, new data show.
About 33,000 immigrants moved to California from China last year, roughly triple the number who came in 2005, according to data from the U.S. Census Bureau and the Public Policy Institute of California. The number of immigrants coming to California from Mexico fell from almost 100,000 in 2005 to just over 30,000 in 2014, a roughly 70 percent decline.
Last year marked the second in a row that more residents arrived in California from China than from Mexico. India, which sent about 29,500 immigrants to California last year, also is poised to overtake Mexico. Some of California’s recent Asian arrivals are college students or long-term workers who eventually may leave the country; others will stay permanently.
The change comes as politicians debate immigration reform – who gets to come and who gets to stay – at all levels of U.S. government. Several presidential candidates this year have called for restricting immigration for economic or security reasons.
Donald Trump, who is leading most Republican presidential polling, has proposed building a massive wall to fortify the U.S. border with Mexico. Such a measure today would not affect the bulk of immigration to California: Less than a quarter of the immigrants arriving here last year, whether legally or illegally, came from Latin America, census figures show.

“One thing is for sure: The era of mass migration from Mexico is over,” said Karthick Ramakrishnan, professor of public policy at the University of California, Riverside, adding that more Californians are likely returning to Mexico each year than coming.
Emigration from Mexico has plummeted in recent years in response to several factors: the deep economic recession of 2007 to 2009; falling Mexican fertility rates; increased border enforcement; a rise in deportations; and declines or limited growth in the California jobs traditionally held by Mexican immigrants, including construction work and service-sector employment.
“For the next 10 years, there will be a shrinkage of new Mexicans in the workforce,”said Giovanni Peri, professor and chair of the economics department at UC Davis. “That trend is clearly set.”
Meanwhile, emigration from China and other Asian countries has grown largely because of increased demand for highly skilled workers, particularly in the technology industry. Arrivals from Asia have disproportionately settled in and around Silicon Valley, census figures show.
Many Asian immigrants have come to America on H-1B visas, which allow companies to temporarily hire foreign workers when there is a labor shortage. Some immigrants who obtain those visas eventually secure sponsorship from American companies and are able to stay permanently.
Supporters of the H-1B program, including many Silicon Valley companies, say it is vital to finding specialized talent; detractors have countered that the program takes jobs from U.S. workers.
U.S. census numbers do not distinguish between immigrants who are here legally and those here without authorization. Demographic experts said the majority of Chinese immigrants have gone through the immigration process; but “you have seen a pretty significant jump in undocumented immigration from Asia,” said Ramakrishnan. These immigrants typically overstay their visas.
The growth in Asian migration is a relatively young trend. Hispanics still far outnumber Asians in California, and likely will for a long time. About 5.3 million Asians live in California compared with 15 million Hispanics, census figures show.
Read More . . . .

Chinese Immigration
Shoppers walk through the San Gabriel Square in San Gabriel, where tourism from China is transforming the area. (Mel Melcon / Los Angeles Times)

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