"There is danger from all men. The only maxim of a free government ought to be to trust no man living with
power to endanger the public liberty." - - - - John Adams

Friday, January 8, 2016

5,300-year-old glacial mummy killed in battle

Reconstruction of the Iceman. (South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology / Ochsenreiter)

It's like looking in a mirror

  • I see that face in the mirror every day. 
  • It is interesting that he appears to have been killed in battle. In other words, nothing really changes. Man will always kill his fellow man.

(The Verge)  -  Bacteria found in the gut of a 5,300-year-old mummy may help scientists understand how our germs evolved with us.
By sequencing the DNA of stomach contents found inside the "Iceman," researchers found a pretty famous type of bacteria, H. pylori — the same type of bacteria that sometimes causes ulcers in humans today. And that finding, published today in Science, doesn't just hint that the Iceman may have been sick at the time of his murder. As it turns out, mummy bacteria also reveals a lot about ancient human history.
The Iceman was discovered in 1991 by a German couple vacationing in the Italian Alps. His body had been exhumed by glacier melting close to the Austrian border. In the years after the body's discovery, scientists figured out that the Iceman lived during the Copper Age, grew up in the Alps, and that he was somewhere between 40 and 50 years old when he died. 
They also discovered that he died when an arrowhead lodged itself in his left shoulder, severing a major artery. In 2012, an analysis of the Iceman's DNA revealed that the Iceman had brown eyes, brown hair, Type O blood, and that he was lactose intolerant. Now, scientists have turned their attention to the organisms that lived inside the Iceman's stomach. But getting to this point in their research wasn't easy; scientists only noticed that the mummy contained a full stomach in 2010, after re-examining CT scans of the body. And even then, scientists still had to do something drastic: defrost a 5,300-year-old corpse completely to find out what might lay inside.
First, scientists had to completely defrost the mummy. Then they went into the guts through a pre-existing cut in the lower abdomen, says Albert Zink, head of the Institute for Mummies and the Iceman at the European Academy in Bolzano, Italy, told reporters yesterday. "Through the opening in the mummy, we were able to get samples of the stomach content and different parts of the stomach and intestines."
Read More . . . .

Killed in Battle 5,300 years ago
Translation - nothing ever changes.
"Beware the beast Man, for he is the Devil's pawn. Alone among God's primates, he kills for sport or lust or greed. Yea, he will murder his brother to possess his brother's land. Let him not breed in great numbers, for he will make a desert of his home and yours. Shun him; drive him back into his jungle lair, for he is the harbinger of death."
Planet of the Apes (1968)

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